Importance of Medicinal plants

Dipendra Singh Rathore

Abstract


India has a long history and a lasting basis for Ayurveda, which is the traditional herbal medical system. Herbal plants show an important role in the prevention of human diseases. People have been using plants as a traditional medicine for a thousand years. Plants are linked to the development of human beings all over the world. Reclamation plants continue to play an important role in the growth of human culture.

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Holley J, Cherla K. The medicinal plants sector in India. The International Development Research Center. South Asia Regional Office, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Programme in Asia, Delhi. 1998.

Reed BM, Sarasan V, Kane M, Bunn E, Pence VC. Biodiversity conservation and conservation biotechnology tools. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant. 2011 Feb 1;47(1):1-4.

Prakasha HM, Krishnappa M, Krishnamurthy YL, Poornima SV. Folk medicine of NR Pura taluk in Chikmagalur district of Karnataka.

World Health Organization. Guidelines for the assessment of herbal medicine. Programme on traditional medicine document WHO/TRM/91.4.

Vanerkar AP, Satyanarayan S, Dharmadhikari DM. Toxicity of herbal pharmaceutical wastewater on fish—Lebistes reticulatus (Peter). Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B. 2004 Jan 1;39(1):115-23.

Rahman TU. Antioxidant Activity of Selected Medicinal Plants of Pakistan. Biochem Physiol. 2016;5:208.

Tsabang N, Ngah N, Estella FT, Agbor GA. Herbal Medicine and Treatment of diabetes in africa: Case Study in Cameroon. Diabetes Case Rep. 2016;1(112):2.

Nole T, Lionel TD, Cedrix TF, Gabriel AA. Ethnomedical and ethnopharmacological study of plants used for potential treatments of diabetes and arterial hypertension by indigenous people in three phytogeographic regions of Cameroon. Diabetes Case Rep. 2016;1(110):2.

Panda T, Mishra N, Pradhan BK. Folk Knowledge on Medicinal Plants Used for the Treatment of Skin Diseases in Bhadrak District of Odisha, India. Med Aromat Plants 5: 262. doi: 10.4172/2167-0412.1000262 Page 2 of 7 Volume 5• Issue 4• 1000262 Med Aromat Plants ISSN: 2167-0412 MAP, an open access journal To treat skin diseases leaf paste is used twice daily for a period of one week. Achyranthes aspera. 2016..

Eldahshan OA, Elsakka AM, Singab AN. Medicinal Plants and Addiction Treatment. Med Aromat Plants. 2016;5(260):2167-0412.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phyllanthus_emblica visited on 1/11/2018

Hasan MR, Islam MN, Islam MR. Phytochemistry, pharmacological activities and traditional uses of Emblica officinalis: A review. Int Curr Pharm J. 2016 Jan;5(2):14-21.

Srivasuki KP. Nutritional and health care benefits of Amla. Journal of Pharmacognosy. 2012;3(2):147-51.

Maiti R, Rodriguez HG, Kumari A. Nutrient profile of native woody species and medicinal plants in northeastern Mexico: a synthesis. J Bioprocess Biotech. 2016;6:283.

Jerezano Alberto VD, Ríos Saúl A, Tepancal-Gomez E, Salas-Mendosa E, Villanueva L. Some Traditional Medicinal Plants of North Region from Puebla, Mexico: Uses and Potential Pharmacological Activity of Rumex spp. Nat Prod Chem Res. 2016;4(223):2.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saraca_asoca visited on 1/4/2018

Mishra A, Kumar A, Rajbhar N, Kumar A. Phytochemical and pharmacological importance of Saraca indica. Int. J. Pharm. Chem. Sci. 2013 Apr;2(2):1009-13.

https://www.stylecraze.com/articles/uses-of-ashoka-tree-will-leave-you-shellshocked/ visited on 10/10/18

https://www.lybrate.com/topic/ashoka-tree-uses-benefits-and-side-effects. Visited on 22/3/2018

Jerezano Alberto VD, Ríos Saúl A, Tepancal-Gomez E, Salas-Mendosa E, Villanueva L. Some Traditional Medicinal Plants of North Region from Puebla, Mexico: Uses and Potential Pharmacological Activity of Rumex spp. Nat Prod Chem Res. 2016;4(223):2.

Getasetegn M, Tefera Y. Biological Activities and Valuable Compounds from Five Medicinal Plants. Natural Products Chemistry & Research. 2016 Jun 21.

Gupta A, Shah AP, Chaphalkar SR. Extraction of proteases from medicinal plants and their potential as anti-viral targets. J Biotechnol Biomat. 2016;6(2):1000228.

Alothyqi N, Almalki M, Albqa'ai M, Alsamiri H, Alrashdi SM. In vitro antibacterial activity of four Saudi medicinal plants. J. Microb. Biochem. Technol. 2016;8:083-9.

Raja RR. Medicinally potential plants of Labiatae (Lamiaceae) family: an overview. Research journal of medicinal plant. 2012 Mar;6(3):203-13. [https://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=rjmp.2012.203.213 ] available online

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azadirachta_indica visited on 2/11/2018

http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/biology/plants/neem-sources-macroscopical-characters-and-uses/49958 visited on 3/11/2018

Alzohairy MA. Therapeutics role of Azadirachta indica (Neem) and their active constituents in diseases prevention and treatment. Evidence-Based complementary and alternative medicine. 2016;2016.

Nunes XP, Silva FS, Almeida JR, de Lima JT, de Araújo Ribeiro LA, Júnior LJ, Barbosa Filho JM. Biological oxidations and antioxidant activity of natural products. InPhytochemicals as nutraceuticals-Global Approaches to Their Role in Nutrition and Health 2012. InTech.

Rahmani A. H., Aly S. M. Nigella sativa and its active constituents thymoquinone shows pivotal role in the diseases prevention and treatment. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2015;8(1):48–53.

Ghimeray AK, Jin CW, Ghimire BK, Cho DH. Antioxidant activity and quantitative estimation of azadirachtin and nimbin in Azadirachta Indica A. Juss grown in foothills of Nepal. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2009;8(13).

Sithisarn P, Supabphol R, Gritsanapan W. Antioxidant activity of Siamese neem tree (VP1209). Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2005 May 13;99(1):109-12.

Rahmani AH, Alzohairy MA, Khan MA, Aly SM. Therapeutic implications of black seed and its constituent thymoquinone in the prevention of cancer through inactivation and activation of molecular pathways. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2014;2014.

Le Marchand L. Cancer preventive effects of flavonoids—a review. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy. 2002 Aug 1;56(6):296-301.

Chattopadhyay RR. Possible biochemical mode of anti-inflammatory action of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. in rats. Indian journal of experimental biology. 1998 Apr;36(4):418-20.

Mosaddek A. S. M., Rashid M. M. U. A comparative study of the anti-inflammatory effect of aqueous extract of neem leaf and dexamethasone. Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology. 2008;3(1):44–47. doi: 10.3329/bjp.v3i1.836

Kaur G., Sarwar Alam M., Athar M. Nimbidin suppresses functions of macrophages and neutrophils: relevance to its antiinflammatory mechanisms. Phytotherapy Research. 2004;18(5):419–424. doi: 10.1002/ptr.1474

Arora N., Koul A., Bansal M. P. Chemopreventive activity of Azadirachta indica on two-stage skin carcinogenesis in murine model. Phytotherapy Research. 2011;25(3):408–416. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3280

Alzohairy MA. Therapeutics role of Azadirachta indica (Neem) and their active constituents in diseases prevention and treatment. Evidence-Based complementary and alternative medicine. 2016;2016.

https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-577/neem visited on 4/11/2018

Agarwal P, Alok S, Verma A. An update on Ayurvedic herb Henna (Lawsonia inermis L.): a review. Int J Pharm Sci Res. 2014 Feb 1;5(2):330-9.

https://www.bimbima.com/ayurveda/medicinal-use-of-henna-leaves-mehendi/1031/

Maheshwari RK, Chauhan AK, Gupta A, Sharma S. Cinnamon: an imperative spice for human comfort. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Bio-Science. 2013;2(5):131-45.

Chemical Constituents and Uses of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume. | Request PDF. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270281928_Chemical_Constituents_and_Uses_of_Cinnamomum_zeylanicum_Blume [accessed Nov 06 2018].

https://pharmaxchange.info/2013/10/pharmacognosy-and-health-benefits-of-cinnamon/ visited on 06/11/18

https://www.dabur.com/in/en-us/about/science-of-ayurveda/herbal-medicinal-plants/dalchini-plant visited on 06/11/18

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turmeric visited on 06/11/2018

Hewlings S, Kalman D. Curcumin: a review of its’ effects on human health. Foods. 2017 Oct 22;6(10):92.

Amalraj A, Pius A, Gopi S, Gopi S. Biological activities of curcuminoids, other biomolecules from turmeric and their derivatives–A review. Journal of traditional and complementary medicine. 2017 Apr 1;7(2):205-33.

http://www.botanicalauthentication.org/index.php/Curcuma_longa_(rhizome) visited on 6/11/2018

https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-662/turmeric visited on 6/11/2018


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.